What are Bats?
Bats are mammals; the only mammals capable of really flying. Bats have wings strikingly similar to that of human hands, except they have elongated fingers webbed together by a stretchy membrane. This makeup is what allows them authentic flight. There are more than 900 species of bats world-wide Raccoon Poopcan give you mo re details. This makes up a quarter of all mammals on earth! Bats are categorized under the Chiroptera Order, which is subsequently categorized under two suborders, megachiroptera and microchiroptera. From there, bats are further categorized into almost 200 genera, and then again to the 900+ species mentioned previously.
Bats are similar to nature’s pest management, because 70 percent of bats consume insects for foods. Their choices are protein abundant insects, fruits, nuts, and nectar. Other species of bats dine on foods based on the area they’re from. There are a tiny population of bats that consume small prey like birds, frogs, fish, and lizards. One popular and well-known bat that does this is that the South American Vampire Bat.
Where Are They Really?
With the exception of super cold polar regions and hot deserts, bats can be found almost anywhere on earth. Their inhabitants, however, range from millions to dangerously decreasing numbers. Because bats are tiny, conservative, and nocturnal, they are sometimes perceived as rare mammals. Other bats make their homes in hollow trees, rock cavities, and other shelters that keep them safe from predators and fluctuating weather conditions since it provides them seclusion for breeding their young.
Breeding and Reproduction
This is more for larger bats. The size of their litter is significantly similar to humans. There is usually 1 pup that is birthed, but in some cases there may be two or even more. Taking into account the size of the bat, they’re among the slowest breeders on earth. At birth, a baby bat may weigh up to a quarter of the mother’s dimensions; this could be like a human having a 30 pound baby. Female bats care for the young until they grow more powerful and capable of fending for themselves.
Mortality is fairly high among young bats. They are prone to falling from nests in open areas, and incapable of returning to the safety of the nest. In other instances, parasites and disease is the reaper of both small and young bats. However Ii bats can dodge these unforgiving circumstances, they can actually grow quickly and learn how to fly after three weeks of their life! Bats can live long lives, sometimes up to 20 years or more!